Arbeits-, Organisations- und Marktpsychologie

Journal Artikel von 2021

Konradt, U., Schippers, M. C., Krys, S., & Fulmer, A. (in press).Teams in Transition: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study of Reflection, Implicit and Explicit Coordination and Performance Improvements.

Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.677896

Abstract

Research has shown that team reflection is a critical transition process for coordination processes and team performance, but our understanding of its dynamics and relationship to action processes and performance is incomplete. The goal of the present study was to examine the long-term change in reflection in teams over time and explore whether these changes are related to implicit and explicit coordination processes and performance improvement. Drawing on the recurring phase model of team processes and team reflexivity theory, we hypothesized that team reflection is at least stable or increases over time for dissimilar tasks, that reflection trajectories are positively associated with implicit and negatively associated with explicit coordination in the later phases, and that implicit coordination mediates the relationship between team reflection and performance improvement. This model was tested in a three-wave longitudinal study (N = 175 teams) over a two-month period. Results from growth curve modeling and structural equation modeling provided support for our hypotheses.

 

Konradt, U., Ellwart, T. & Gevers, J. (in press). Wasting Effort or Wasting Time? A Longitudinal Study of Pacing Styles as a Predictor of Academic Performance. 

Learning and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2021.102003

Abstract

Students' time and effort investments are a critical predictor of academic performance. However, little is known about how effort distribution in exam preparation affects exam performance. In a five-wave longitudinal field study, we investigated how students' pacing styles (i.e., the allocation of effort over time during exam preparation) relate to the effectiveness and efficiency of performance. We also examined whether behaviour-focused self-leadership strategies predict students' pacing styles. Nonlinear latent class growth analyses revealed four distinct pacing style patterns that correspond to those found in organizational contexts: effort investment is allocated towards the deadline (45.1%), steady (35.0%), inverted U-shaped (10.7%) and U-shaped (9.0%). Behaviour-oriented self-leadership strategies predicted these patterns of effort investment. Pacing styles were equally effective, but students with a deadline action pacing style showed significantly higher efficiency compared to their counterparts. This research adds essential insight into the antecedents and consequences of pacing styles in an academic context and confirms its relevance for understanding academic achievement.

 

 

 

Oldeweme, M., Konradt, U., & Garbers, Y. (2021). Effects of Situational Factors on Team Planning: A Policy-Capturing Approach.

German Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 65, 68-81. https://doi.org/10.1026/0932-4089/a000348 

Abstract

Although there has long been a consensus in team research that planning generally has a positive impact on performance, very little is known about how input factors (e.g., situational factors) affect the planning behavior of teams. In addition, the various dimensions of planning remain largely unexplored. In this study, we examine the effects of time pressure, task routine, and decision importance on team planning. We suggest that planning consists of four dimensions: exploration, strategic planning, detailed planning, and prognosis. In two policy-capturing studies, undergraduates and employees were presented with a series of hypothetical scenarios and asked to indicate in each case how they might plan for these if working as part of a team. Results from our Bayesian multilevel analyses revealed that teams overall used less planning when they were under acute time pressure, when tasks were very routine, and when the decisions involved were of little importance.